A Full 16-Offering Puja (to Vishnu)
Ready For Puja
the altar and gather the ritual items needed.
2 small cups of water each with a small spoon. Fill both with spring
water - one is used for achamanam, the other for giving
the deity water.
· One extra, small pot, called the throw away pot.
· A Bell.
· A stick of incense and standing incense
· Sandalwood paste.
· A oil lamp. A cotton wick soaked in ghee or oil is best. A small
candle can be substituted
· A camphor lamp.
· A mixture of yogurt, honey, ghee, and milk in a small container.
· Vegetarian food
to offer. It can't contain any meat, fish, eggs,
onion, garlic, or mushroom. Also it has to be fresh and not tasted by
(can't taste the ingredients while cooking it if it's cooked
foods. If you have nothing else offer a small amount of nuts
· A lighter or matches to light the lamps.
· A round try to hold all these items.
· A deity photo
or statue of Vishnu or Balaji.
Place one small pot (called the throw away pot)
in front of the deity
for pouring offered water into. Normally this is a curved side vessel.
When you are offering
you ring the bell in your left hand and always
use your right hand to offer items. It takes a bit of practice to do it.
most simple thing to do is write the ritual out on note cards
and you can use these to read what to do in the ritual.
best if the ritual is done after bathing but always when clean. If nothing
else wash your feet and hands before performing
can be chanted similar to OM, or it can be chanted AAAA-UUUU-MMMM.
Narayana is a common name of Vishnu."This pure water purifies
everything and drives away anything unholy"
1 Pour water onto left and
right hands and feet to wash.
2 Pour water on right hand, chant "Aum Kesavaya svaha" and sip.
water on right hand, chant "Aum Narayanaya svaha" and sip.
4 Pour water on right hand, chant "Aum
Madhavaya svaha" and sip.
5 Pour water on right hand to rinse
O Lord dressed in very nice yellow clothing covered in jewels.
Having a beautiful always smiling face.
Eyes like lotus petals.
Wearing a helmet covered with valuable jewels. Beautiful earrings, and
hair. With four arms all reaching to your knees. With the mark
of the resting place of the Goddess of
Fortune on your chest. I
meditate on you, Lord."
at this auspicious moment, time and place, on this wholly
auspicious day, so that I may realize the
fullness of Your grace, to
the best of my ability in (place) this
Sriman Narayana puja I shall perform."
Put some rice or flower petals at the feet of the deity.
Sprinkle water around and on self and on each of the items to
be offered, on the bell, lighter, and any other items to be used in the puja (but not on the deity).
of Offering 16 Things:
While making the offering of all of these 16 things you should be ringing
a bell in your left hand and always always make the offering only with your right hand.
1 Give God a Seat
now meditate on the Lord Sriman Narayana. I have prepared for you a
jewel studded throne with soft
cushions to sit upon, Lord Sriman
Offer flower petals or rice three times
before the feet of the deity.
2 Welcome God
"Please dear Lord feel comfortable
in my humble dwelling. If there is
anything that you would like please ask. I hope that your stay here
be to your liking dear Lord."
Offer flower petals or rice before the feet of the deity.
Wash God's Feet
"Dear Lord I humbly bathe each of your lotus feet"
water to deity's feet and then pour it into the throw away pot.
4 Wash God's Hands
Lord I humbly wash all of your lotus hands"
Offer water to all of the deity's hands and then pour it into
the throw away pot.
5 Offer Water For Sipping
"Dear Lord I offer you this water
Offer water to the deity's mouth and then pour it into the throw away pot.
"Dear Lord I offer you this refreshing drink"
the mixture of yogurt, honey, ghee, and milk by placing it near the deity and motioning to it.
7 Bathe God
I bathe you, beloved Lord, with this pure water"
Pour water on deity or if this is not possible offer
it before the deity and then pour into the throw away pot.
8 Offer New Clothes
Lord I now offer you new garments to wear"
If the deity is the kind that has clothes now is the time to change
to new clothes or otherwise just offer flower petals or rice before the deity's feet.
9 Offer Jewels and Other
"Dear Lord I now offer you jewels and other decorations for your person"
you have decorations to offer to the deity now place them on or you can place a garland of flowers on the deity or offer flower
petals or rice before the feet of the deity.
10 Offer Sandalwood
"O Lord Sriman
Narayana I anoint You with this divine and supremely pure sandalwood paste"
Put paste on deity's third
eye with the middle finger of the right hand.
11 Offer Flowers
offer this auspicious flower for your enjoyment O Lord Sriman
flower or flowers before the feet of the deity or if you don't have this offer rice.
12 Offer Incense
the incense stick.
"I now offer this fragrant incense for your pleasure, Lord Sriman
incense with three circles around deity.
13 Offer Lamp
Light the oil lamp.
now offer this flame for illumination, O Lord Sriman Narayana"
Offer lamp or candle flame with three circles
14 Offer Food
"Now I offer you this pure tasty food for your enjoyment,
O Lord Sriman Narayana"
Circle a spoon of water over the food and sprinkle it with it.
Sriman Narayana Svaha"
Waft the food essence to the deity by waving right hand over in in the direction of
"Aum Sriman Narayana Svaha"
Waft the food essence to the deity.
Sriman Narayana Svaha"
Waft the food essence to the deity.
"Please dear Lord Sriman Narayana
accept this humble food offering"
15 Offer Camphor Flame
Light the camphor
"Dear Lord I offer you this light which shines upon your form, making it more visible to my eyes"
the burning lamp before the deity and slowly wave it before Him and look at how the light illuminates the deity's form (take
darshan of the deity as the light is upon him).
16 Bow Before God Offer Prayers
bow down before the deity and offer any prayers and chant mantras,
do japa (chant mantras on beads), and/or sing bhajans
The most simple mantra if you don't know any others is AUM. You can
chant this several times
and meditate for a short while.
"Now to the best of my ability I have performed
afternoon, evening, night) puja and worshiped you dear Lord Sriman
May it be enjoyed by You. Surrounded by Your presence, we
place ourselves in your care, loving Sriman
"O beloved Lord Sriman Narayana, I really don't know the proper means
invoking You or communicating with You as You are. A full knowledge
of priestly rites has not been imparted,
so you must overlook and
forgive any mistakes or omissions. I know little of mantras or pious
and I am a stranger to bhakti. Nonetheless, You must forgive
me and, whatsoever worship I have been able
to do, accept it as exact
and complete. You are my only refuge, my loving Sriman Narayana. With
blissful nature, Lord Sriman Narayana, I beseech you, protect
those who pray. Aum shanti shanti shanti."
down and then clap hands three times after rising.